Scholarship: 1852-1925

Below is the published and non-published scholarship produced that focused primarily on African American rhetoric and public address during this period. If you have scholarship to contribute, please contact Andre E. Johnson at 


Brown, Hallie Quinn. Elocution and Physical CultureWilberforce, OH: Homewood Cottage, 1910).

Brawley, Benjamin. The Negro in Literature and Art in the United States. New York. Duffield and Company, 1921

Burlin, Natalie Curtis. Negro Folk Songs: New York: G. Schirmer Press, 1918

Williams, Daniel Barclay. Science and Art of Elocution. Petersburg, Va. Williams Publishing, 1894

Anthologies/Collection of Speeches:

Blyden, Edward W. The African Problem and Other Discourses Delivered in America in 1890. London, W.B. Whittingham and Co., 1890. 

Cooper Anna Julia. A Voice from the South. Xenia, Ohio. Aldine Printing House, 1892.

Crogman, W. H. Talks for the Times. Cincinnati: Jennings and Pye, 1896

Dunbar, Alice Moore (ed). Masterpieces of Negro Eloquence. New York. The Bookery Publishing Company, 1914.

Holsey, Lucius H. Autobiography, Sermons, Address, and Essays. Atlanta: The Franklin Printing and Publishing Company, 1898

Kerlin, Robert T. The Voice of the Negro: 1919. New York: E. P. Dutton and Company, 1920

Langston, John Mercer. Freedom and Citizenship. Selected Lectures and Addresses of Hon.John Mercer Langston. Washington, DC. Rufus H. Darby, 1883.

Matthews, Victoria Earle. Black-Belt Diamonds: Gens from Speeches, Addresses and Talks to Students of Booker T. Washington. New York. Fortune and Scott Publishers, 1898

Penn, Irvine Garland and John Wesley Edward Bowen (eds). The United Negro: His Problems and Progress. Atlanta, GA. D.E. Luther Publishing Co., 1902. 

Woodson, Carter G. Negro Orators and Their Orations. New York: Russell and Russell, 1925

(Rhetorical) Biographies:

Gregory, James M. Frederick Douglass: The Orator. Springfield, Mass. Wiley and Co., 1893.

Hatcher, William. E. John Jasper: The Unmatched Negro Philosopher and Preacher. New York. Fleming H. Revell Company, 1908

Holland, Frederic May. Frederick Douglass, The Colored Orator. New York, Funk & Wagnalls Publishing, 1891

Pulpit Oratory:

Brawley, E.M. (ed). The Negro Baptist Pulpit. Baptist Publication Society. Philadelphia, American Baptist Publication Society, 1890

Crummell, Alexander. The Greatness of Christ and Other Sermons. New York. Thomas Whitaker 2 and 3 Bible House, 1882

Hood, James Walker. The Negro in the Christian Pulpit. Raliegh: Edwards, Broughton, and Co., Steam Power Printers, and Binders, 1884

Johnson, W. Bishop. The Scourging of a Race. Washington, DC. Murray Brothers Printing, 1904

Jones, Singleton T. Sermons and Addresses of the Late Rev. Bishop Singleton T. JonesYork, PA. P. Anstadt and Sons, 1892

Smith, C.S. Sermons Delivered by Bishop Daniel A. Payne. Nashville, Tenn. Publishing House, AME Sunday School Union. 1888

Rhetorical Education/Pedagogy:

Lynk, Miles V. The Afro-American School Speaker and Gems of Literature. Jackson, Tenn. : M. V. Lynk Pub. House, 1896.

Biographical Sketches:

Haley, James T. Afro-American Encyclopedia. Nashville, Tennessee Haley and Florida, 1895.

Majors, M.M. (Monroe A.) Noted Negro Women: Their Triumphs and Activities. Chicago, Donohue and Henneberry, 1893

Penn, Garland I. The Afro-American Press and Its Editors. Springfield, Mass. Willey and Co. Publishers, 1891

Scruggs, L.A. (Lawson Andrew). Women of Distinction. Raliegh, N.C. L.A. Scruggs Publisher, 1893  


Calloway-Thomas, Carolyn. "William G. Allen: On "Orators and Oratory." Journal of Black Studies, Vol. 18, No. 3 (Mar. 1988), pp. 313-336

Includes a copy of the lecture given by William G. Allen, an African-American professor of rhetoric and Belle Lettres at Central College, McGrawville, New York. Titled, On Orators and Oratory, Allen delivered the lecture before the Dialerian Society of New York on June 22, 1852. Calloway-Thomas wrote that "Allen was the first black in the United States to leave a record of intellectual probing into the operation of the ancient art of oratory" (313).

Houston, David G. "A Negro Senator." The Journal of Negro History, Vol. 7, No. 3 (Jul., 1922), pp. 243-256

Pollard, Edward A. "The Romance of the Negro". American Missionary. Vol 15, No. 11, November 1871. 241-148.


Stone, Sadie Malinda. The Negro in Literature. MA Thesis. University of Kansas, 1911


Wagner, Russell H. "Negro Orators, and Their Orations." By Carter G. Woodson. Associated Publishers Inc. Washington DC., 1925. p.711

W. E. B. Du Bois Papers (MS 312) Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries. Review: Negro Orators and Their Orations.