Scholarship: 1926-1960

Below is the published and non-published scholarship produced that focused primarily on African American rhetoric and public address during this period. If you have scholarship to contribute, please contact Andre E. Johnson at


Brown, Sterling A., Arthur P. Davis, Ulysses Lee. The Negro Caravan (Chapter 6). New York: Dryden Press, 1941. 

Pipes, William H. Say Amen Brother!: Old-Time Negro Preaching. A Study in American Frustration. New York: The William Frederick Press, 1951.

Ransom, Reverdy C. The Spirit of Freedom and Justice: Oration and Speeches. Nashville, Tennessee, AME Sunday School Union, 1926


African Rhetoric

Gray, Giles Wilkeson. Precepts of Kagemni and Ptah-Hotep. Quarterly Journal of Speech. Dec46, Vol. 32 Issue 4, p446. 9p 


Bardolph, Richard. The Distinguished Negro in America, 1770-1936. The American Historical Review, Vol. 60, No. 3 (Apr., 1955), pp. 527-547

Bradley, Bert. Negro Speakers in Congress: 1869-1875. The Southern Speech Journal. Volume: 18 Issue: 4, 1953, p. 216-225

Honan, William Holmes. John Jasper and the Sermon That Moved the Sun. Speech Monographs. Volume 23, Issue: 4, 1956, pp. 255-261.

Killian, Lewis. M. and Charles U. Smith. Negro Protest Leaders in a Southern Community. Social Forces, Volume 38, Issue 3, March 1960, Pages 253–257

Read, Allen Walker. The Speech of Negroes in Colonial America. Journal of Negro History, Vol. 24, No. 3 (Jul., 1939), pp. 247-258

Ryon, Fred. William Allen: Negro Evangelist of the Society of Friends. Bulletin of Friends' Historical Association, Volume 47, Number 2, Autumn 1958, pp. 94-105

Woolridge, Nancy Bullock. The Slave Preacher--Portrait of a Leader. The Journal of Negro Education, Vol. 14, No. 1 (Winter, 1945), pp. 28-37

Religious/Pulpit Oratory

Pipes, William Harrison. Old‐Time Negro Preaching: An Interpretative Study. Quarterly Journal of Speech. Volume 31, 1945 - Issue 1

Rhetorical Education/Pedagogy

Boulware, Marcus H. Speech Training in Negro Colleges. Quarterly Journal of Speech. Dec 47, Vol. 33 Issue 4, p509. 6p.

Hurston, Zora Neale. Characteristics of Negro Expression

Parker, John W. Current Debate Practices in Thirty Negro Colleges. The Journal of Negro Education. Vol. 9, No. 1 (Jan., 1940), pp. 32-38

Parker, John W. The Status of Debate in the Negro College. The Journal of Negro Education, Vol. 24, No. 2 (Spring, 1955), pp. 146-153

Porter, Dorothy B. The Organized Educational Activities of Negro Literary Societies, 1828-1846. Journal of Negro Education, Vol. 5, No. 4 (Oct., 1936), pp. 555-576

Voorhees, Lillian A. Program of Speech Education for Talladega College. Journal of Negro Education, Vol. 15, No. 1 (Winter, 1946), pp. 109-116

Voorhees, Lillian A. Speech in the Negro College. Southern Speech Bulletin. Vol 6, No. 3, 1941. 51-56.

Social Movements

Aptheker, Herbert. The Negro in the Abolitionist Movement. Science & Society, Vol. 5, No. 2 (Spring, 1941), pp. 148-172

Bell, Howard H. National Negro Conventions of the Middle 1840's: Moral Suasion vs. Political Action. The Journal of Negro History, Vol. 42, No. 4 (Oct., 1957), pp. 247-260


Bennett, Willifred. Survey of American Negro Oratory. Negro History Bulletin. Vol. 7 Issue 9, 1944.

Lash, John S. The Anthologist and the Negro Author. Phylon. Vol. 8, No. 1 (1st Qtr., 1947), pp. 68-76. 


Bennett, Winfield DeWitt. A Survey of American Negro Oratory: From 1619-1933. MA Thesis, Columbian College, 1935

Crawford, Julma B. "The Writings of Benjamin Banneker: Their Effect Upon Concepts Regarding the Negro in America, 1750-1800." MA Thesis, Loyola University--Chicago, 1947

May, A. Florence. A Study of Speech Education in Four Year Negro Colleges and Universities in the United States. Ph.D. Diss. Northwestern University, 1951

Moseberry, Lowell Tillry. An Historical Study of Negro Oratory in the United States to 1915. Ph.D. Diss. University of Southern California, 1955.

Pipes, William Harrison, Sources of Booker T. Washington's Effectiveness as a Public Speaker. MA Thesis, Atlanta University, 1957.

Williams, Jayme Coleman. A Rhetorical Analysis of Thurgood Marshall's Arguments Before the Supreme Court in the Public School Controversy. Ph.D. Diss. The Ohio State University, 1959


Locke, Alain. The Spirit of Freedom and Justice: Orations and Speeches, by Reverdy C. Ransom. Journal of Negro History, Vol. 12, No. 1 (Jan., 1927), pp. 99-101

Pawley, Thomas D. Say Amen Brother by William H. Pipes. Quarterly Journal of Speech. Dec51, Vol. 37 Issue 4, p498. 3p.

Woolridge, Nancy. B. Say Amen Brother! by William H. Pipes. Phylon, Vol. 12, No. 4 (4th Qtr., 1951), pp. 396-397